What is ASP.NET MVC?

The ASP.NET MVC is a web application framework developed by Microsoft, which implements the model–view–controller (MVC) pattern. Based on ASP.NET, ASP.NET MVC allows software developers to build a web application as a composition of three layers: Model, View and Controller.

What is object-oriented programming? Fundamental concepts of OOP

Object-oriented programming or OOP is programming model based on the concepts of "objects", which are data structures that contain data, in the form of fields, and code, in the form of methods. In addition, programmers can create relationships between objects. For example, objects can inherit data and methods from other objects. Program, designed with OOP approach, is maked of objects that interact with one another. Most popular languages have class-based OOP, meaning that objects are instances of classes, which typically also determines their type.

What is encapsulation in OOP?

Encapsulation is one of the four fundamental OOP concepts. It is the inclusion within a program object of all the resources needed for the object to properly function on its own - basically, the methods and the data. The object has its public interface and other objects adhere to these interface to use the object without having to be concerned with how the object internally implements it. The idea is "don't tell me how you do it; just do it".

What is software framework?

A software framework is an abstraction used in software development to provide generic functionality for application-specific needs. It is a programming platform, which contains common code with range of generic features, which might be selectively used, overridden or specialized by developers to suit their requirements for the particular application.

What is prototype-based OOP?

Prototype-based programming is a style of object-oriented programming in which inheritance is implemented via process of cloning existing objects that serve as prototypes. There are two methods of constructing new objects: object creation "from nothing" or through cloning an existing object.

What is inheritance? Types of inheritance

Inheritance represents the relationship between two objects or two classes where one derives functionality from another and then extends it by adding new fields, properties or methods. It is one of the fundamental concepts of the object-oriented programming along with polymorphism, abstraction and encapsulation. Inheritance allows classes to inherit commonly used state and behavior from other classes, so it is one of the main tools of code reuse in OOP.

What is ADO.NET?

ADO.NET is a feature of Microsoft .NET Framework that you can use to access and manipulate data. It is a part of the base class library that is included with the .NET Framework. It is commonly used by programmers to access and modify data stored in relational database systems, though it can also access data in non-relational sources.